What are the types of Faecal Incontinence?

May 15, 2023
faecal incontinence

What are the Types of Faecal Incontinence?

Faecal incontinence is a medical condition that affects a person’s ability to control their bowel movements, leading to involuntary leakage of stool. This can have a profound impact on an individual’s quality of life, often leading to embarrassment, social isolation, and emotional distress. In this comprehensive blog, we will discuss faecal incontinence, its various types, causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment options available. We will also highlight how Lipo Sculpt‘s EMSella chair Reigate can aid with this condition.

Causes and Risk Factors of Faecal Incontinence

Several factors contribute to the development of faecal incontinence. These include:

  • Aging, which weakens the muscles around the anus
  • Damage to the muscles or nerves responsible for bowel control
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Rectal prolapse or rectocele
  • Pregnancy and childbirth, which can result in muscle and nerve damage

Types of Faecal Incontinence

There are several types of faecal incontinence, each with its unique characteristics:

  1. Passive incontinence: This occurs when a person is unaware of the need to pass stool and experiences leakage without any sensation.
  2. Urge incontinence: This involves the inability to hold stool after feeling a sudden, intense urge to defecate.
  3. Functional incontinence: This type occurs as a result of an underlying physical or mental condition that prevents a person from reaching the toilet in time.
  4. Overflow incontinence: It happens when the rectum becomes overfilled with hard, compacted stool, causing it to stretch and leak liquid stool.

Diagnostic Tests for Faecal Incontinence Reigate

The diagnosis of faecal incontinence may involve various tests, including:

  • A detailed medical history and physical examination
  • Anoscopy or sigmoidoscopy to visualize the anal canal and rectum
  • Anorectal manometry to assess muscle strength and coordination
  • Anal ultrasound or MRI to evaluate the structure of the anal canal and surrounding tissues
  • Defecography to study the mechanics of bowel movements

Treatment Options for Faecal Incontinence

There are several treatment options available for managing faecal incontinence. These include:

  1. Medical management: Antidiarrheal medications, stool softeners, or fiber supplements to regulate bowel movements.
  2. Pelvic floor exercises: Exercises like Kegels, which can strengthen and improve the coordination of pelvic floor muscles.
  3. Biofeedback therapy: This technique helps patients learn how to control their pelvic floor muscles effectively.
  4. Surgical options: Surgical interventions, such as sphincteroplasty or colostomy, can be considered for severe cases of faecal incontinence.
  5. Medical devices: Devices, such as anal plugs or injectable bulking agents, can help manage incontinence

The EMSella Chair by Lipo Sculpt Reigate

The EMSella chair by Lipo Sculpt Reigate utilizes high intensity focused electromagnetic (HIFEM) technology to stimulate the pelvic floor muscles, which can effectively improve bowel control. This non-invasive treatment option can provide significant relief to those suffering from faecal incontinence while maintaining their dignity and privacy. Contact Lipo Sculpt Reigate to book a consultation.